Hungary's pavilion, built in 1909, was the second national pavilion to open at the Biennale, the first was Belgium's in 1907. It was designed by the Art Nouveau architect and sculptor Géza Maróti and inspired by Hungarian history and traditions. Two Hungarian artists, inspired by the Arts and Crafts movement, Sándor Nagy and Aladár Körösfői Kriesch, contributed to its ornamentation. The mosaics were designed by Körösfői and realized by Miksa Roth. The pavilion remained closed for restoration and partial reconstruction between 1948 and 1958.